Lauren Becherer | HealthGreatness

Diabetes rates in both children and adults continue to rise in the Unites States, with almost 10 percent of the population diagnosed. The disease’s most common form is Type 2 diabetes, in which the body has an insulin resistance that causes glucose levels to rise higher than normal. According to, over half of Type 2 diabetics don’t even know they have the disease. This could be because of the uncontrollable risk factors for diagnosis, which include:

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Personal health
Your weight distribution and rate of physical activity are major influencers in developing Type 2 diabetes, though these can be controlled. What you can’t control is a more complicated health history that may increase the chances of getting diabetes. For example, women who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to develop Type 2 within 10 years. Other health conditions also increase risk, including pancreatitis, high blood pressure, vascular disease, metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovarian syndrome, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and impaired glucose tolerance.

Family health history
The risk of acquiring Type 2 diabetes starts with genetics. If your parents, grandparents, older siblings or other family members have the disease, your risk of developing it increases.

As you grow older, your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes increases. It is most common in people over the age of 40, and increases in likelihood in people over the age of 65. Sadly, diabetes is also increasing among children and young adults.

Good control

African Americans, Hispanics, American Indians, Pacific Islanders, and Asian Americans are at the highest risk than Caucasians for developing diabetes, for reasons unknown.

While you can’t do anything about these health factors, there are many risk factors for Type 2 diabetes that are controllable. These include your activity level, diet, alcohol intake, smoking habits, medications, and weight.

Visit the American Diabetes Association website for more information on Type 1 and 2 diabetes.