Your skin plays a large role in the regulation of your immune system, so spending a little time in the sun to get a dose of Vitamin D, is beneficial as long as your skin is protected from the harmful UV rays of the sun. The UV rays of the sun can cause sunburn as well as other skin problems, such as pigmentation, freckles and increase the risk of early aging. High doses of UV radiation can damage your immune system as well as cause pain, blisters peeling and itching as a result of the inflammation of the exposed skin area. It is extremely important to apply sunscreen and wear a sun hat when you are in the sun, but even when you are diligent about protecting your skin, things happen and you may get sunburned. If you do happen to get sunburn, there are several things you can do to lessen the pain and reduce the risk of blistering.
Cool Your Skin
If you are near a pool or other body of water, take a dip to cool your skin down, but only stay in the water for a few seconds. After cooling down, cover your skin up and immediately get out of the sun. Applying cool compresses will help to continue cooling the burn; just do not apply ice directly to your skin. A cool shower will also help, but avoid staying in for too long, because it may dry your skin and cause more irritation.
Burns, including sunburn, draw the fluid to the surface of your skin and away from the rest of your body, which may cause you to become dehydrated. It is essential that you rehydrate by drinking water as well as sports drinks which will help replenish lost electrolytes. Your first goal may be to cool your skin, which is fine, but you should focus on rehydrating as soon as possible and continue drinking extra water while your skin is healing.
Soothe the Pain
Whether you are burnt from your eyelids to your toes or only on a small part of your body, it will be painful. Fortunately, there are several natural remedies you can use to soothe the pain and possibly prevent blistering:
- Aloe Vera-gel from the leaves of an aloe vera plant is one of the best known natural treatments for sunburn. Simply open one of the leaves and rub the juice on the sunburned area of skin. The aloe vera will form a protective barrier to help lock in moisture and may prevent blistering in small areas.
- To soothe the pain, soak a soft cloth in cold whole milk and carefully apply to the burned skin. Leave the cloth on for about 15 minutes and rinse with cold water.
- To instantly relieve the burning and stinging, mix about 1 cup of instant mashed potato mix with 2 cups of ice cold water and apply to the skin. The potato will pull the burn out.
- To relieve one of the most common symptoms of sunburn, the swelling, apply a thin layer of preparation H to the affected area to reduce the swelling and relieve the pain.
- Soak in a baking soda bath. Fill the tub with cool water, mix in about one cup of baking soda and soak for about 20 minutes to take the sting out of the sunburn. After the bath, make sure to apply a moisturizer to the skin to prevent peeling.
- Did your eyelids get burnt? To soothe them, using two chamomile tea bags, after steeping for a few minutes, remove the tea bags and allow them to cool for few minutes. Place a tea bag on each eye to relieve the pain and the sting. Sip on the tea to replenish fluids and relax.
If your skin has severe blistering over a large portion of your body, you have a fever or chills, you feel extremely fatigued and/or you are confused, seek medical attention as soon as possible. Do not scratch or pop the blisters, because it may lead to infection. Keep in mind that your skin will heal, but it is important to reduce the risk of future sunburns, because repeat sunburns can you put you at a high risk for premature skin aging and/or skin cancer.